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American Wire Gauge Conversion Chart

American Wire Gauge Conversion Chart Gauge Inches Millimeters 0 0.325 8.26 2 0.257 6.54 4 0.204 5.19 6 0.162 4.12 8 0.128 3.26 10 0.102 2.59 12 0.081 2.05 14 0.064 1.63 16 0.051 1.29 18 0.040 1.02 20 0.036 0.812 Soft-Flex Wire 22 0.025 0.723 24 0.020 0.573 26 0.016 0.405 28 0.013 0.321 […]

Seed Bead Sizing Guide

Use this handy guide in conjunction with our Thread Reference Guide. The larger the number, the smaller the bead. Size 6/0 has a large color range and the hole will accommodate 1mm cord Size 8/0 has a large is a good size for visibility when learning new patters .5mm hole Size 11/0 is has a […]

Metal Distinctions

Gold-Filled Gold-filled jewelry, also known as “rolled gold” or “rolled gold plate” is composed of a solid layer of gold bonded with heat and pressure to a base metal such as brass. Some high quality gold-filled pieces have the same appearance as 14 karat (58%) gold. In the USA the quality of gold filled is defined […]


The use of coins or ‘umla’ is widespread throughout the Middle East, North Africa and beyond. Issued by an official mint long before the introduction of silver hallmarks, coins were an indication of an established and guaranteed silver content.                                 Coins and coral beads on a Moroccan temple ornament Two coins that both possess a high […]

Storing and Handling Silver

Silver jewelry is vulnerable and can get damaged easily. In contact with air, silver tarnishes quickly. It this therefore advisable to handle silver items with care. Here you will find some tips and guidance for the most common situations, although this is by no means exhaustive. Jewelry in Cairo. It is exposed to air and […]

Bedouin Jewelry

Articles of jewelry made and worn by the Bedouin tribes in Saudi Arabia. The jewelry is almost always of silver, frequently set with turquoise, sometimes with stones of reddish colour. The pieces have distinctive forms and styles, with ornamentation frequently of chains, beads, bells and such local objects as Koran cases. A woman’s jewelry symbolizes […]

Jewelry and History of Nomadic Jewelry

The history of nomadic and traditional jewelry resembles that of archaeology; layer after layer of culture has overlapped and intertwined as the centuries have passed, culminating in the artifacts worn by the last generation of nomads and traditional communities. The most remote layers of influence in the Middle East are the early civilizations, the cultures […]

Color Wheel and Theory

A Color wheel is: • An abstract illustrative organization of color hues around a circle that show relationships between primary colors, secondary colors, complementary colors, etc. As an illustrative model, artists typically use red, yellow, and blue primaries (RYB color model) arranged at three equally spaced points around their color wheel. Printers and others who […]

How seedbeads are made

How Seedbeads Are Made. – The earliest seed beads of European manufacture probably date to about 1490. Around that time, Venetian glassmakers rediscovered the method of making beads by drawing molten glass into long hollow tubes. “Although a great deal of secrecy has always surrounded the drawn-glass beadmaking operations…descriptions written in 1834 and 1919 apparently […]

For the Bead Collectors

DEDUCING ATTITUDES FROM ARTIFACTS By Robert K. Liu, article from Ornament 24 (4): 2001 Deducing Attitudes from Artifacts – Imitations, Fakes, Misrepresentations, Cultural Substitutes, Replicas and Artist Interpretations Drawing on their ancient, ethnographic or contemporary origins, beads and similar artifacts reappear in every possible physical form, as imitations, fakes, misrepresentations, cultural substitutes, replicas, as well […]

About Beads

Thanks for this opportunity! I have collected and sold beads and artifacts for the past 21 years. My travels have included Thailand, Burma, Italy, Denmark, Indonesia, Malaysia, London, and many shows in the states. My like of old beads started with some Africans, Liza Watagani, Bob Hendler, Walt Seigfreid and many others, which led to […]